Before dawn on March 21, 1995, someone broke into a synagogue in the Palestinian city of Nablus.This is a long article and a long story, with as many twists and turns as a Raymond Chandler novel. And it's just as hard to put down. Find some time and a comfortable chair and read it all.
These were no ordinary texts. They were perhaps the most ancient Torahs stolen in the Holy Land since the Crusaders pillaged Jerusalem. And they belonged not to Jews but to the Samaritans, one of the world's oldest and tiniest religious sects. Known from the New Testament parable of the Good Samaritan, the group has barely survived. Centuries ago, it numbered more than 1 million; today, according to the last count, there are only 810 Samaritans left.
The Samaritans trace their roots to the ancient Israelites and regard themselves as the most loyal followers of the word of God as transmitted to Moses. Women are kept apart from others when menstruating in adherence with ritual purity, and men sacrifice sheep each year on Passover, a biblical commandment Jews gave up millennia ago.
If the Samaritans are the true keepers of the biblical faith, their Torahs are title deeds: rare and sacred manuscripts, written in a variation of the original Israelite script that Jews abandoned long ago and featuring passages scholars say preserve some of the earliest drafts of the Bible. Of the three dozen old biblical manuscripts left in the community's coffers, the Samaritans say one is the oldest in the world, written by Moses' great-grandnephew. These manuscripts are the Samaritans' most jealously guarded possessions, and collectors across the globe have gone to great lengths to get their hands on them.
So have thieves.
Meanwhile, to make a long story short, the stolen scroll has been recovered by the Israeli authorities, but cannot now be returned for political reasons. (I hope that now that the story is getting this publicity, some workaround for that can be found.) The codex has vanished.
Regular PaleoJudaica readers will remember Benyamin Tsedaka, who has been mentioned from time to time. See here and links.
That exceedingly old Torah scroll is the Abisha Scroll (photo above). Fortunately, is not the stolen one. But alas, it was not written by Moses' great-grandnephew. The colophon (note at the end of the manuscript) which says so may be a cryptogram. The scroll itself is a patchwork of scrolls from different periods. The earliest pieces may go back to the eleventh or twelfth century C.E. For more on the Abisha Scroll, see this article by the renowned specialist on the Samaritans, Alan D. Crown.
Image: the Abisha Scroll (Wikimedia Commons). Click on the link for a larger version.
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