Reuters, 7 April, article by Jonathan Saul:
Non-Muslims Banned from Flashpoint Jerusalem Shrine
The ancient mosque compound is Islam's third holiest site. It is Judaism's most sacred site, the place where Jews say a biblical Jewish temple was razed by the Romans in 70 A.D.
The New York Times, 10 April, article by Steven Erlanger:
Israeli Troops Kill 3 Teenagers in Buffer Zone at Gaza Border
In Jerusalem, thousands of police officers fanned out in and around the Old City to prevent the threatened march on Al Aksa mosque. Jews believe that the site, also known as the Temple Mount, housed the second temple, which was destroyed by the Romans in A.D. 70.
For relevant commentary, see my post some time ago regarding Time Magazine, and this post as well.