The “temperate mind” restrains the impulses of the body, what Paul calls “self-control” in Galatians 5:23. That Paul and 4 Maccabees both have a high view of the Law and the virtue of self-control is not necessarily and indication Paul knew the book or vice versa. Likely as not both the author of 4 Maccabees and Paul are drawing on implications of the wisdom literature drawn through the intellectual grid of a first century worldview which includes elements of Stoicism and other Greek philosophical streams.Past posts in Phil Long's series on the Second Temple Period are noted here and links.
Sunday, March 26, 2017
4 Maccabees and self-control
READING ACTS: Fourth Maccabees and a Rational Faith.