Up to now I have found these attempts far fetched and have not mentioned them. But Professor Moss succeeds in connecting Jonah's whale – and Leviathan! – to the new story in a credible and interesting way.
Incidentally, the Jonah story does not explicitly mention a "whale." I don't think ancient Hebrew had a specific word for whale. It says Jonah was swallowed by "a big fish." But a fish big enough to swallow a man whole and not even notice for a few days is a very big fish. It's hard to think of anything but a whale that would fit the description.
(Yes, I know that whales are mammals, not fish. I don't think the distinction would have mattered to an ancient Israelite.)
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